Represent Guam & the Right to Vote on Constitution Day

Here is something to think about.  Today the U.S. Constitution celebrates its 227th birthday.  Guam has been a part of the United States for more than half those years – 115 to be exact. Yet the people of Guam still cannot vote for President, lack voting representation in Congress, and the Obama administration recently argued in court that citizenship for people born in territories like Guam is a mere congressional privilege rather than a constitutional right.

As we commemorate “Constitution Day and Citizenship Day,” we should be asking ourselves two questions.  First, is this what the Founders had in mind when “We the People” came together to create the Constitution?  Second, and perhaps more important, how does the Constitution empower us to do something about it today?

The Constitution was the culmination of a literally revolutionary idea – that government should be of the people, by the people, and for the people.  Americans would be citizens of a Republic, not colonial subjects governed without representation by the British Parliament. 

Guam_and_US_Flags_Pic.jpgToday, nearly 5 million U.S. citizens are treated as second-class simply because of where they live: in a U.S. territory or the District of Columbia.  That’s over twice the population of the Thirteen Colonies.  The result is that we are mere observers in a political process that affects our daily lives, from the military buildup, to visa waiver programs, to our healthcare.

But just as the Constitution served to “form a more perfect Union” in 1787, it can provide a path for bringing an end to this second-class status today.  Following the Civil War, the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution was ratified to guarantee citizenship by birth on U.S. soil and to guarantee Equal Protection of the laws.  Of the 13 subsequent amendments, six have served to expand and protect democratic participation. 

As a result of these constitutional changes, today it is clearer than ever that the relationship between the people of Guam and the federal government is completely contrary to America’s most fundamental democratic and constitutional principles. 

Fortunately, the Constitution provides a way individuals can stand up for equal citizenship and the right to vote.  In short, it’s time we made a federal case of it. 

Federal courts can offer a more level playing field to people who are politically marginalized because of their disenfranchisement.  And as prior civil rights movements have shown time and time again, the right federal case can have the power to ignite and inspire necessary change through the political process.   

This Fall we plan to file a federal lawsuit on behalf of residents of Guam and other U.S. territories who are denied the right to vote for President.  We have put together an impressive team of attorneys who have developed an exciting new equal protection argument that offers an opportunity to succeed in court where past efforts have failed. 

Already over 1,500 residents of Guam and other U.S. territories have shared their stories to help develop the case through our “Right to Vote” survey, which is available at  The more people’s stories we are able to bring together, the stronger the case will be.

We are especially interested in hearing from members of our veterans and active duty community in Guam who believe they have earned the right to vote for President.  We also are looking for current residents of Guam who at one time resided in Illinois, President Obama’s adopted home state.  If President Obama were to retire to Guam, even he wouldn’t be able to vote for President!

Ultimately, more will be needed than just action in court.  Guam’s leaders must also work towards political solutions through self-determination.  But as with prior civil rights cases, pressure from the courts can be an important ingredient in helping move the conversation forward and drive broader political change.

So long as Guam is part of the United States, with Guam’s sons and daughters fighting to defend the Constitution and America’s democratic principles, our people deserve to be treated as full and equal members of We the People.

Please visit to let your voice be heard.  Or call or visit the Law Office of Leevin Camacho, 194 Hernan Cortez Ave., Ste. 216, Hagåtña, GU 96910, 477-8894. 


Neil Weare and Leevin Camacho are among the attorneys working to develop this new federal voting rights lawsuit as part of We the People Project’s new “Represent Guam” campaign. 

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commented 2014-10-21 01:18:37 -0400 · Flag
I thought guam people are “automatic us citizens” already? so they should have that right established?